The best way to protect your devices from malware is to have multiple layers of protection in play. The first layer of protection against malware is you, the user. Learn to become aware of scams and how they are implemented via browsers, e-mails, and people.
The best steps to take to avoid malware are as follows:
Be cognizant of e-mail and browser scams.
- Check E-mail links before you click them—if you hover your mouse over a link without clicking it, it shall show you the url to where the link shall take you; anything that looks inappropriate should never be clicked.
- Never open attachments or .zip files from strange e-mails.
- Never sign-in to any page by a link you received via e-mail; if you must sign in for peace of mind, go to the actual page yourself where you know it should be and sign in there.; if uncertain about link and message received, call for inquiry.
- Browser scams try to scare you into clicking and downloading malicious applications under the guise of wanting to “scan your computer for threats”; they look official by using trade colors and logos but are just scams. Use browsers with built-in protection (such as Google Chrome), or modify your browser’s with add-ons.
Enable browser-based protection against fraudulent websites
- To protect yourself while browsing, enable a browser’s built-in security features meant to warn you of fraudulent web pages; it is best to use browsers with built-in security.
Install protection against malware
- Have real-time protection, malware scanning, and spyware scanning available on your machine.
- Most Windows computers come with Windows Defender built in; however, the campus offers McAfee Endpoint Security to help protect computers across campus.
- Having other applications such as the free version of Malwarebytes or SuperAnti-Spyware help to keep your computer protected.
- Install virus and malware protection on your mobile devices to help prevent the spread of infection to others.
Regularly scan for malware
- Periodically scanning your mobile device or computer helps to keep you protected.